Biomass is an organic material produced either directly from plants and animals or indirectly from industrial, commercial, domestic or agricultural products.
Besides renewable (production) resources from continental area (grain, plants, vegetable oil) and water area (algae, water plants) there are large amounts of agro-industrial residuals, i.e. untapped natural, industrial and household organic residuals
Agriculture: crop and vegetable residuals (husk, straw, tops).
Livestock: butchery waste, bone meal, dead animals, poultry litter.
Forestry: forest residue, processing waste, sawdust.
Fishery: processing waste, fish bone meal, dead fish.
Industrial and household organic residuals: sewage sludge, organic processing waste, waste food, unrecyclable waste paper.
Agro-industrial residuals represent an excellent source of the renewable energy. Pyrolysis of these residuals eliminates in environmental friendly way large amounts of the generated waste with simultaneous production of green energy from biomass.
Examples of electricity generation at biomass pyrolysis facilities:
100 tons per day of dry chicken litter (~10 MJ/kg) generates ~2,9 MWe (net)
30 tons per day of wooden chips (~14 MJ/kg) with 25% moisture generates ~1,3 MWe (net)
Amount of the generated electricity depends on initial moisture of biomass feedstock.
Biochar recovered from non-contaminated biomass can be either further gasified in accordance with general MPSC scheme or to be used as soil improvement agent.